20行Python代码教会“钢铁直男”分清颜色

目录

1、项目背景

2、项目概述

3、项目实施

3.1、导入库文件

3.2、建立颜色关系表

3.3、设计GUI以及响应


1、项目背景

本项目的出发点源于前几天看到的一篇微信公众号文章,文曰:科学研究发现控制识别红、绿颜色的基因都在X染色体上而男生比女生少一条X染色体所以识别颜色的能力天生就比女生更弱。百度一下果然都是女朋友的连连抱怨,先天不足,”后天“补,通过阅读本篇博客,希望可以帮助到广大”钢铁直男“们。

2、项目概述

本博客中所讲的颜色是RGB颜色,是通过对红(R)、绿(G)、蓝(B)三个颜色通道的变化以及它们相互之间的叠加来得到各式各样的颜色的,RGB即是代表红、绿、蓝三个通道的颜色,这个标准几乎包括了人类视力所能感知的所有颜色,是运用最广的颜色系统之一。本项目意在使用Python PySimpleGUI第三方库,构建RGB颜色对应表,方便各位朋友的查看和使用,项目效果如下所示:

3、项目实施

3.1、导入库文件

这里主要使用PySimpleGUI库文件实现GUI可视化,可通过pip导入,代码如下所示:

import PySimpleGUI as sg

3.2、建立颜色关系表

定义颜色关系变量,可显示颜色及其对应的十六进制的颜色字符串,代码如下所示(心虚的说,这真的是1行堪比600行长的代码):

color_map = {
    'alice blue': '#F0F8FF',
    'AliceBlue': '#F0F8FF',
    'antique white': '#FAEBD7',
    'AntiqueWhite': '#FAEBD7',
    'AntiqueWhite1': '#FFEFDB',
    'AntiqueWhite2': '#EEDFCC',
    'AntiqueWhite3': '#CDC0B0',
    'AntiqueWhite4': '#8B8378',
    'aquamarine': '#7FFFD4',
    'aquamarine1': '#7FFFD4',
    'aquamarine2': '#76EEC6',
    'aquamarine3': '#66CDAA',
    'aquamarine4': '#458B74',
    'azure': '#F0FFFF',
    'azure1': '#F0FFFF',
    'azure2': '#E0EEEE',
    'azure3': '#C1CDCD',
    'azure4': '#838B8B',
    'beige': '#F5F5DC',
    'bisque': '#FFE4C4',
    'bisque1': '#FFE4C4',
    'bisque2': '#EED5B7',
    'bisque3': '#CDB79E',
    'bisque4': '#8B7D6B',
    'black': '#000000',
    'blanched almond': '#FFEBCD',
    'BlanchedAlmond': '#FFEBCD',
    'blue': '#0000FF',
    'blue violet': '#8A2BE2',
    'blue1': '#0000FF',
    'blue2': '#0000EE',
    'blue3': '#0000CD',
    'blue4': '#00008B',
    'BlueViolet': '#8A2BE2',
    'brown': '#A52A2A',
    'brown1': '#FF4040',
    'brown2': '#EE3B3B',
    'brown3': '#CD3333',
    'brown4': '#8B2323',
    'burlywood': '#DEB887',
    'burlywood1': '#FFD39B',
    'burlywood2': '#EEC591',
    'burlywood3': '#CDAA7D',
    'burlywood4': '#8B7355',
    'cadet blue': '#5F9EA0',
    'CadetBlue': '#5F9EA0',
    'CadetBlue1': '#98F5FF',
    'CadetBlue2': '#8EE5EE',
    'CadetBlue3': '#7AC5CD',
    'CadetBlue4': '#53868B',
    'chartreuse': '#7FFF00',
    'chartreuse1': '#7FFF00',
    'chartreuse2': '#76EE00',
    'chartreuse3': '#66CD00',
    'chartreuse4': '#458B00',
    'chocolate': '#D2691E',
    'chocolate1': '#FF7F24',
    'chocolate2': '#EE7621',
    'chocolate3': '#CD661D',
    'chocolate4': '#8B4513',
    'coral': '#FF7F50',
    'coral1': '#FF7256',
    'coral2': '#EE6A50',
    'coral3': '#CD5B45',
    'coral4': '#8B3E2F',
    'cornflower blue': '#6495ED',
    'CornflowerBlue': '#6495ED',
    'cornsilk': '#FFF8DC',
    'cornsilk1': '#FFF8DC',
    'cornsilk2': '#EEE8CD',
    'cornsilk3': '#CDC8B1',
    'cornsilk4': '#8B8878',
    'cyan': '#00FFFF',
    'cyan1': '#00FFFF',
    'cyan2': '#00EEEE',
    'cyan3': '#00CDCD',
    'cyan4': '#008B8B',
    'dark blue': '#00008B',
    'dark cyan': '#008B8B',
    'dark goldenrod': '#B8860B',
    'dark gray': '#A9A9A9',
    'dark green': '#006400',
    'dark grey': '#A9A9A9',
    'dark khaki': '#BDB76B',
    'dark magenta': '#8B008B',
    'dark olive green': '#556B2F',
    'dark orange': '#FF8C00',
    'dark orchid': '#9932CC',
    'dark red': '#8B0000',
    'dark salmon': '#E9967A',
    'dark sea green': '#8FBC8F',
    'dark slate blue': '#483D8B',
    'dark slate gray': '#2F4F4F',
    'dark slate grey': '#2F4F4F',
    'dark turquoise': '#00CED1',
    'dark violet': '#9400D3',
    'DarkBlue': '#00008B',
    'DarkCyan': '#008B8B',
    'DarkGoldenrod': '#B8860B',
    'DarkGoldenrod1': '#FFB90F',
    'DarkGoldenrod2': '#EEAD0E',
    'DarkGoldenrod3': '#CD950C',
    'DarkGoldenrod4': '#8B6508',
    'DarkGray': '#A9A9A9',
    'DarkGreen': '#006400',
    'DarkGrey': '#A9A9A9',
    'DarkKhaki': '#BDB76B',
    'DarkMagenta': '#8B008B',
    'DarkOliveGreen': '#556B2F',
    'DarkOliveGreen1': '#CAFF70',
    'DarkOliveGreen2': '#BCEE68',
    'DarkOliveGreen3': '#A2CD5A',
    'DarkOliveGreen4': '#6E8B3D',
    'DarkOrange': '#FF8C00',
    'DarkOrange1': '#FF7F00',
    'DarkOrange2': '#EE7600',
    'DarkOrange3': '#CD6600',
    'DarkOrange4': '#8B4500',
    'DarkOrchid': '#9932CC',
    'DarkOrchid1': '#BF3EFF',
    'DarkOrchid2': '#B23AEE',
    'DarkOrchid3': '#9A32CD',
    'DarkOrchid4': '#68228B',
    'DarkRed': '#8B0000',
    'DarkSalmon': '#E9967A',
    'DarkSeaGreen': '#8FBC8F',
    'DarkSeaGreen1': '#C1FFC1',
    'DarkSeaGreen2': '#B4EEB4',
    'DarkSeaGreen3': '#9BCD9B',
    'DarkSeaGreen4': '#698B69',
    'DarkSlateBlue': '#483D8B',
    'DarkSlateGray': '#2F4F4F',
    'DarkSlateGray1': '#97FFFF',
    'DarkSlateGray2': '#8DEEEE',
    'DarkSlateGray3': '#79CDCD',
    'DarkSlateGray4': '#528B8B',
    'DarkSlateGrey': '#2F4F4F',
    'DarkTurquoise': '#00CED1',
    'DarkViolet': '#9400D3',
    'deep pink': '#FF1493',
    'deep sky blue': '#00BFFF',
    'DeepPink': '#FF1493',
    'DeepPink1': '#FF1493',
    'DeepPink2': '#EE1289',
    'DeepPink3': '#CD1076',
    'DeepPink4': '#8B0A50',
    'DeepSkyBlue': '#00BFFF',
    'DeepSkyBlue1': '#00BFFF',
    'DeepSkyBlue2': '#00B2EE',
    'DeepSkyBlue3': '#009ACD',
    'DeepSkyBlue4': '#00688B',
    'dim gray': '#696969',
    'dim grey': '#696969',
    'DimGray': '#696969',
    'DimGrey': '#696969',
    'dodger blue': '#1E90FF',
    'DodgerBlue': '#1E90FF',
    'DodgerBlue1': '#1E90FF',
    'DodgerBlue2': '#1C86EE',
    'DodgerBlue3': '#1874CD',
    'DodgerBlue4': '#104E8B',
    'firebrick': '#B22222',
    'firebrick1': '#FF3030',
    'firebrick2': '#EE2C2C',
    'firebrick3': '#CD2626',
    'firebrick4': '#8B1A1A',
    'floral white': '#FFFAF0',
    'FloralWhite': '#FFFAF0',
    'forest green': '#228B22',
    'ForestGreen': '#228B22',
    'gainsboro': '#DCDCDC',
    'ghost white': '#F8F8FF',
    'GhostWhite': '#F8F8FF',
    'gold': '#FFD700',
    'gold1': '#FFD700',
    'gold2': '#EEC900',
    'gold3': '#CDAD00',
    'gold4': '#8B7500',
    'goldenrod': '#DAA520',
    'goldenrod1': '#FFC125',
    'goldenrod2': '#EEB422',
    'goldenrod3': '#CD9B1D',
    'goldenrod4': '#8B6914',
    'green': '#00FF00',
    'green yellow': '#ADFF2F',
    'green1': '#00FF00',
    'green2': '#00EE00',
    'green3': '#00CD00',
    'green4': '#008B00',
    'GreenYellow': '#ADFF2F',
    'grey': '#BEBEBE',
    'grey0': '#000000',
    'grey1': '#030303',
    'grey2': '#050505',
    'grey3': '#080808',
    'grey4': '#0A0A0A',
    'grey5': '#0D0D0D',
    'grey6': '#0F0F0F',
    'grey7': '#121212',
    'grey8': '#141414',
    'grey9': '#171717',
    'grey10': '#1A1A1A',
    'grey11': '#1C1C1C',
    'grey12': '#1F1F1F',
    'grey13': '#212121',
    'grey14': '#242424',
    'grey15': '#262626',
    'grey16': '#292929',
    'grey17': '#2B2B2B',
    'grey18': '#2E2E2E',
    'grey19': '#303030',
    'grey20': '#333333',
    'grey21': '#363636',
    'grey22': '#383838',
    'grey23': '#3B3B3B',
    'grey24': '#3D3D3D',
    'grey25': '#404040',
    'grey26': '#424242',
    'grey27': '#454545',
    'grey28': '#474747',
    'grey29': '#4A4A4A',
    'grey30': '#4D4D4D',
    'grey31': '#4F4F4F',
    'grey32': '#525252',
    'grey33': '#545454',
    'grey34': '#575757',
    'grey35': '#595959',
    'grey36': '#5C5C5C',
    'grey37': '#5E5E5E',
    'grey38': '#616161',
    'grey39': '#636363',
    'grey40': '#666666',
    'grey41': '#696969',
    'grey42': '#6B6B6B',
    'grey43': '#6E6E6E',
    'grey44': '#707070',
    'grey45': '#737373',
    'grey46': '#757575',
    'grey47': '#787878',
    'grey48': '#7A7A7A',
    'grey49': '#7D7D7D',
    'grey50': '#7F7F7F',
    'grey51': '#828282',
    'grey52': '#858585',
    'grey53': '#878787',
    'grey54': '#8A8A8A',
    'grey55': '#8C8C8C',
    'grey56': '#8F8F8F',
    'grey57': '#919191',
    'grey58': '#949494',
    'grey59': '#969696',
    'grey60': '#999999',
    'grey61': '#9C9C9C',
    'grey62': '#9E9E9E',
    'grey63': '#A1A1A1',
    'grey64': '#A3A3A3',
    'grey65': '#A6A6A6',
    'grey66': '#A8A8A8',
    'grey67': '#ABABAB',
    'grey68': '#ADADAD',
    'grey69': '#B0B0B0',
    'grey70': '#B3B3B3',
    'grey71': '#B5B5B5',
    'grey72': '#B8B8B8',
    'grey73': '#BABABA',
    'grey74': '#BDBDBD',
    'grey75': '#BFBFBF',
    'grey76': '#C2C2C2',
    'grey77': '#C4C4C4',
    'grey78': '#C7C7C7',
    'grey79': '#C9C9C9',
    'grey80': '#CCCCCC',
    'grey81': '#CFCFCF',
    'grey82': '#D1D1D1',
    'grey83': '#D4D4D4',
    'grey84': '#D6D6D6',
    'grey85': '#D9D9D9',
    'grey86': '#DBDBDB',
    'grey87': '#DEDEDE',
    'grey88': '#E0E0E0',
    'grey89': '#E3E3E3',
    'grey90': '#E5E5E5',
    'grey91': '#E8E8E8',
    'grey92': '#EBEBEB',
    'grey93': '#EDEDED',
    'grey94': '#F0F0F0',
    'grey95': '#F2F2F2',
    'grey96': '#F5F5F5',
    'grey97': '#F7F7F7',
    'grey98': '#FAFAFA',
    'grey99': '#FCFCFC',
    'grey100': '#FFFFFF',
    'honeydew': '#F0FFF0',
    'honeydew1': '#F0FFF0',
    'honeydew2': '#E0EEE0',
    'honeydew3': '#C1CDC1',
    'honeydew4': '#838B83',
    'hot pink': '#FF69B4',
    'HotPink': '#FF69B4',
    'HotPink1': '#FF6EB4',
    'HotPink2': '#EE6AA7',
    'HotPink3': '#CD6090',
    'HotPink4': '#8B3A62',
    'indian red': '#CD5C5C',
    'IndianRed': '#CD5C5C',
    'IndianRed1': '#FF6A6A',
    'IndianRed2': '#EE6363',
    'IndianRed3': '#CD5555',
    'IndianRed4': '#8B3A3A',
    'ivory': '#FFFFF0',
    'ivory1': '#FFFFF0',
    'ivory2': '#EEEEE0',
    'ivory3': '#CDCDC1',
    'ivory4': '#8B8B83',
    'khaki': '#F0E68C',
    'khaki1': '#FFF68F',
    'khaki2': '#EEE685',
    'khaki3': '#CDC673',
    'khaki4': '#8B864E',
    'lavender': '#E6E6FA',
    'lavender blush': '#FFF0F5',
    'LavenderBlush': '#FFF0F5',
    'LavenderBlush1': '#FFF0F5',
    'LavenderBlush2': '#EEE0E5',
    'LavenderBlush3': '#CDC1C5',
    'LavenderBlush4': '#8B8386',
    'lawn green': '#7CFC00',
    'LawnGreen': '#7CFC00',
    'lemon chiffon': '#FFFACD',
    'LemonChiffon': '#FFFACD',
    'LemonChiffon1': '#FFFACD',
    'LemonChiffon2': '#EEE9BF',
    'LemonChiffon3': '#CDC9A5',
    'LemonChiffon4': '#8B8970',
    'light blue': '#ADD8E6',
    'light coral': '#F08080',
    'light cyan': '#E0FFFF',
    'light goldenrod': '#EEDD82',
    'light goldenrod yellow': '#FAFAD2',
    'light gray': '#D3D3D3',
    'light green': '#90EE90',
    'light grey': '#D3D3D3',
    'light pink': '#FFB6C1',
    'light salmon': '#FFA07A',
    'light sea green': '#20B2AA',
    'light sky blue': '#87CEFA',
    'light slate blue': '#8470FF',
    'light slate gray': '#778899',
    'light slate grey': '#778899',
    'light steel blue': '#B0C4DE',
    'light yellow': '#FFFFE0',
    'LightBlue': '#ADD8E6',
    'LightBlue1': '#BFEFFF',
    'LightBlue2': '#B2DFEE',
    'LightBlue3': '#9AC0CD',
    'LightBlue4': '#68838B',
    'LightCoral': '#F08080',
    'LightCyan': '#E0FFFF',
    'LightCyan1': '#E0FFFF',
    'LightCyan2': '#D1EEEE',
    'LightCyan3': '#B4CDCD',
    'LightCyan4': '#7A8B8B',
    'LightGoldenrod': '#EEDD82',
    'LightGoldenrod1': '#FFEC8B',
    'LightGoldenrod2': '#EEDC82',
    'LightGoldenrod3': '#CDBE70',
    'LightGoldenrod4': '#8B814C',
    'LightGoldenrodYellow': '#FAFAD2',
    'LightGray': '#D3D3D3',
    'LightGreen': '#90EE90',
    'LightGrey': '#D3D3D3',
    'LightPink': '#FFB6C1',
    'LightPink1': '#FFAEB9',
    'LightPink2': '#EEA2AD',
    'LightPink3': '#CD8C95',
    'LightPink4': '#8B5F65',
    'LightSalmon': '#FFA07A',
    'LightSalmon1': '#FFA07A',
    'LightSalmon2': '#EE9572',
    'LightSalmon3': '#CD8162',
    'LightSalmon4': '#8B5742',
    'LightSeaGreen': '#20B2AA',
    'LightSkyBlue': '#87CEFA',
    'LightSkyBlue1': '#B0E2FF',
    'LightSkyBlue2': '#A4D3EE',
    'LightSkyBlue3': '#8DB6CD',
    'LightSkyBlue4': '#607B8B',
    'LightSlateBlue': '#8470FF',
    'LightSlateGray': '#778899',
    'LightSlateGrey': '#778899',
    'LightSteelBlue': '#B0C4DE',
    'LightSteelBlue1': '#CAE1FF',
    'LightSteelBlue2': '#BCD2EE',
    'LightSteelBlue3': '#A2B5CD',
    'LightSteelBlue4': '#6E7B8B',
    'LightYellow': '#FFFFE0',
    'LightYellow1': '#FFFFE0',
    'LightYellow2': '#EEEED1',
    'LightYellow3': '#CDCDB4',
    'LightYellow4': '#8B8B7A',
    'lime green': '#32CD32',
    'LimeGreen': '#32CD32',
    'linen': '#FAF0E6',
    'magenta': '#FF00FF',
    'magenta1': '#FF00FF',
    'magenta2': '#EE00EE',
    'magenta3': '#CD00CD',
    'magenta4': '#8B008B',
    'maroon': '#B03060',
    'maroon1': '#FF34B3',
    'maroon2': '#EE30A7',
    'maroon3': '#CD2990',
    'maroon4': '#8B1C62',
    'medium aquamarine': '#66CDAA',
    'medium blue': '#0000CD',
    'medium orchid': '#BA55D3',
    'medium purple': '#9370DB',
    'medium sea green': '#3CB371',
    'medium slate blue': '#7B68EE',
    'medium spring green': '#00FA9A',
    'medium turquoise': '#48D1CC',
    'medium violet red': '#C71585',
    'MediumAquamarine': '#66CDAA',
    'MediumBlue': '#0000CD',
    'MediumOrchid': '#BA55D3',
    'MediumOrchid1': '#E066FF',
    'MediumOrchid2': '#D15FEE',
    'MediumOrchid3': '#B452CD',
    'MediumOrchid4': '#7A378B',
    'MediumPurple': '#9370DB',
    'MediumPurple1': '#AB82FF',
    'MediumPurple2': '#9F79EE',
    'MediumPurple3': '#8968CD',
    'MediumPurple4': '#5D478B',
    'MediumSeaGreen': '#3CB371',
    'MediumSlateBlue': '#7B68EE',
    'MediumSpringGreen': '#00FA9A',
    'MediumTurquoise': '#48D1CC',
    'MediumVioletRed': '#C71585',
    'midnight blue': '#191970',
    'MidnightBlue': '#191970',
    'mint cream': '#F5FFFA',
    'MintCream': '#F5FFFA',
    'misty rose': '#FFE4E1',
    'MistyRose': '#FFE4E1',
    'MistyRose1': '#FFE4E1',
    'MistyRose2': '#EED5D2',
    'MistyRose3': '#CDB7B5',
    'MistyRose4': '#8B7D7B',
    'moccasin': '#FFE4B5',
    'navajo white': '#FFDEAD',
    'NavajoWhite': '#FFDEAD',
    'NavajoWhite1': '#FFDEAD',
    'NavajoWhite2': '#EECFA1',
    'NavajoWhite3': '#CDB38B',
    'NavajoWhite4': '#8B795E',
    'navy': '#000080',
    'navy blue': '#000080',
    'NavyBlue': '#000080',
    'old lace': '#FDF5E6',
    'OldLace': '#FDF5E6',
    'olive drab': '#6B8E23',
    'OliveDrab': '#6B8E23',
    'OliveDrab1': '#C0FF3E',
    'OliveDrab2': '#B3EE3A',
    'OliveDrab3': '#9ACD32',
    'OliveDrab4': '#698B22',
    'orange': '#FFA500',
    'orange red': '#FF4500',
    'orange1': '#FFA500',
    'orange2': '#EE9A00',
    'orange3': '#CD8500',
    'orange4': '#8B5A00',
    'OrangeRed': '#FF4500',
    'OrangeRed1': '#FF4500',
    'OrangeRed2': '#EE4000',
    'OrangeRed3': '#CD3700',
    'OrangeRed4': '#8B2500',
    'orchid': '#DA70D6',
    'orchid1': '#FF83FA',
    'orchid2': '#EE7AE9',
    'orchid3': '#CD69C9',
    'orchid4': '#8B4789',
    'pale goldenrod': '#EEE8AA',
    'pale green': '#98FB98',
    'pale turquoise': '#AFEEEE',
    'pale violet red': '#DB7093',
    'PaleGoldenrod': '#EEE8AA',
    'PaleGreen': '#98FB98',
    'PaleGreen1': '#9AFF9A',
    'PaleGreen2': '#90EE90',
    'PaleGreen3': '#7CCD7C',
    'PaleGreen4': '#548B54',
    'PaleTurquoise': '#AFEEEE',
    'PaleTurquoise1': '#BBFFFF',
    'PaleTurquoise2': '#AEEEEE',
    'PaleTurquoise3': '#96CDCD',
    'PaleTurquoise4': '#668B8B',
    'PaleVioletRed': '#DB7093',
    'PaleVioletRed1': '#FF82AB',
    'PaleVioletRed2': '#EE799F',
    'PaleVioletRed3': '#CD687F',
    'PaleVioletRed4': '#8B475D',
    'papaya whip': '#FFEFD5',
    'PapayaWhip': '#FFEFD5',
    'peach puff': '#FFDAB9',
    'PeachPuff': '#FFDAB9',
    'PeachPuff1': '#FFDAB9',
    'PeachPuff2': '#EECBAD',
    'PeachPuff3': '#CDAF95',
    'PeachPuff4': '#8B7765',
    'peru': '#CD853F',
    'pink': '#FFC0CB',
    'pink1': '#FFB5C5',
    'pink2': '#EEA9B8',
    'pink3': '#CD919E',
    'pink4': '#8B636C',
    'plum': '#DDA0DD',
    'plum1': '#FFBBFF',
    'plum2': '#EEAEEE',
    'plum3': '#CD96CD',
    'plum4': '#8B668B',
    'powder blue': '#B0E0E6',
    'PowderBlue': '#B0E0E6',
    'purple': '#A020F0',
    'purple1': '#9B30FF',
    'purple2': '#912CEE',
    'purple3': '#7D26CD',
    'purple4': '#551A8B',
    'red': '#FF0000',
    'red1': '#FF0000',
    'red2': '#EE0000',
    'red3': '#CD0000',
    'red4': '#8B0000',
    'rosy brown': '#BC8F8F',
    'RosyBrown': '#BC8F8F',
    'RosyBrown1': '#FFC1C1',
    'RosyBrown2': '#EEB4B4',
    'RosyBrown3': '#CD9B9B',
    'RosyBrown4': '#8B6969',
    'royal blue': '#4169E1',
    'RoyalBlue': '#4169E1',
    'RoyalBlue1': '#4876FF',
    'RoyalBlue2': '#436EEE',
    'RoyalBlue3': '#3A5FCD',
    'RoyalBlue4': '#27408B',
    'saddle brown': '#8B4513',
    'SaddleBrown': '#8B4513',
    'salmon': '#FA8072',
    'salmon1': '#FF8C69',
    'salmon2': '#EE8262',
    'salmon3': '#CD7054',
    'salmon4': '#8B4C39',
    'sandy brown': '#F4A460',
    'SandyBrown': '#F4A460',
    'sea green': '#2E8B57',
    'SeaGreen': '#2E8B57',
    'SeaGreen1': '#54FF9F',
    'SeaGreen2': '#4EEE94',
    'SeaGreen3': '#43CD80',
    'SeaGreen4': '#2E8B57',
    'seashell': '#FFF5EE',
    'seashell1': '#FFF5EE',
    'seashell2': '#EEE5DE',
    'seashell3': '#CDC5BF',
    'seashell4': '#8B8682',
    'sienna': '#A0522D',
    'sienna1': '#FF8247',
    'sienna2': '#EE7942',
    'sienna3': '#CD6839',
    'sienna4': '#8B4726',
    'sky blue': '#87CEEB',
    'SkyBlue': '#87CEEB',
    'SkyBlue1': '#87CEFF',
    'SkyBlue2': '#7EC0EE',
    'SkyBlue3': '#6CA6CD',
    'SkyBlue4': '#4A708B',
    'slate blue': '#6A5ACD',
    'slate gray': '#708090',
    'slate grey': '#708090',
    'SlateBlue': '#6A5ACD',
    'SlateBlue1': '#836FFF',
    'SlateBlue2': '#7A67EE',
    'SlateBlue3': '#6959CD',
    'SlateBlue4': '#473C8B',
    'SlateGray': '#708090',
    'SlateGray1': '#C6E2FF',
    'SlateGray2': '#B9D3EE',
    'SlateGray3': '#9FB6CD',
    'SlateGray4': '#6C7B8B',
    'SlateGrey': '#708090',
    'snow': '#FFFAFA',
    'snow1': '#FFFAFA',
    'snow2': '#EEE9E9',
    'snow3': '#CDC9C9',
    'snow4': '#8B8989',
    'spring green': '#00FF7F',
    'SpringGreen': '#00FF7F',
    'SpringGreen1': '#00FF7F',
    'SpringGreen2': '#00EE76',
    'SpringGreen3': '#00CD66',
    'SpringGreen4': '#008B45',
    'steel blue': '#4682B4',
    'SteelBlue': '#4682B4',
    'SteelBlue1': '#63B8FF',
    'SteelBlue2': '#5CACEE',
    'SteelBlue3': '#4F94CD',
    'SteelBlue4': '#36648B',
    'tan': '#D2B48C',
    'tan1': '#FFA54F',
    'tan2': '#EE9A49',
    'tan3': '#CD853F',
    'tan4': '#8B5A2B',
    'thistle': '#D8BFD8',
    'thistle1': '#FFE1FF',
    'thistle2': '#EED2EE',
    'thistle3': '#CDB5CD',
    'thistle4': '#8B7B8B',
    'tomato': '#FF6347',
    'tomato1': '#FF6347',
    'tomato2': '#EE5C42',
    'tomato3': '#CD4F39',
    'tomato4': '#8B3626',
    'turquoise': '#40E0D0',
    'turquoise1': '#00F5FF',
    'turquoise2': '#00E5EE',
    'turquoise3': '#00C5CD',
    'turquoise4': '#00868B',
    'violet': '#EE82EE',
    'violet red': '#D02090',
    'VioletRed': '#D02090',
    'VioletRed1': '#FF3E96',
    'VioletRed2': '#EE3A8C',
    'VioletRed3': '#CD3278',
    'VioletRed4': '#8B2252',
    'wheat': '#F5DEB3',
    'wheat1': '#FFE7BA',
    'wheat2': '#EED8AE',
    'wheat3': '#CDBA96',
    'wheat4': '#8B7E66',
    'white': '#FFFFFF',
    'white smoke': '#F5F5F5',
    'WhiteSmoke': '#F5F5F5',
    'yellow': '#FFFF00',
    'yellow green': '#9ACD32',
    'yellow1': '#FFFF00',
    'yellow2': '#EEEE00',
    'yellow3': '#CDCD00',
    'yellow4': '#8B8B00',
    'YellowGreen': '#9ACD32',
}

3.3、设计GUI以及响应

本项目GUI将为简单,定义标题、按钮等小组件以及其响应关系即可,代码如下所示:

def ColorButton(color):
    """
    用户定义的元素,返回一个按特定方式配置的按钮。
    :参数颜色:元组[str, str](颜色名称,十六进制字符串)
    :返回:sg.Button object
    """
    return sg.B(button_color=('white', color[1]), pad=(0, 0), size=button_size, key=color, tooltip=f'{color[0]}:{color[1]}', border_width=0)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    button_size = (1, 1)
    num_colors = len(list(color_map.keys()))
    row_len = 40

    grid = [[ColorButton(list(color_map.items())[c + j * row_len]) for c in range(0, row_len)] for j in range(0, num_colors // row_len)]
    grid += [[ColorButton(list(color_map.items())[c + num_colors - num_colors % row_len]) for c in range(0, num_colors % row_len)]]

    layout = [[sg.Text('钢铁直男救星', font='Def 18')]] + grid + \
             [[sg.Button('OK'), sg.T(size=(50, 1), key='-OUT-')]]

    window = sg.Window('钢铁直男救星', layout, no_titlebar=True, grab_anywhere=True, keep_on_top=True, use_ttk_buttons=True)
    
    color_chosen = None
    while True:  
        event, values = window.read()
        if event in (None, 'OK'):
            if event is None:
                color_chosen = None
            break
        window['-OUT-'](f'颜色为:{event[0]}  HEX为:{event[1]}')
        color_chosen = event[1]
    window.close()

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